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513,000
* €/m2
The Value of a Human Life: $129,000
252 m2 | 8 bedrooms | 5 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
On average, to cover your living expenses in Germany you will need around euros per month (around $ US dollars) or 10, euros per. When is the cost of medical treatment worth the benefit of extra years of demonstrated that the average value of a year of quality human life is. B End-of-life costs represent the average spending per chronically ill Medicare patient in the last C The annual average earnings were calculated by annualizing​.

Life happens. During this time, you might not be able to give your dog the attention it needs. Hiring a dog walker can alleviate this problem and ensure your pooch gets the right amount of exercise. Another option to look at is pet sitting. Using a professional pet sitter that is certified and insured can help alleviate the stress of both owners and animal. The owner and pet can feel comfortable in knowing that the pet is in a familiar place without the stresses of other dogs, people, and buildings.

In some cases, it is even cheaper to bring in a pet sitter to come and play with the pet for an hour or two a day. NAPPS National Association of Professional Pet Sitters is a non-profit that sets industry standards to keeping your pet safe and happy, we recommend looking at sitters that are NAPPs certified, or doing your own research and vetting your sitter very carefully.

Cats are more self-sufficient than dogs. They require less personal attention and can be expected to take care of themselves for days at a time. Cats are also less expensive overall than dogs, especially if kept indoors. The reasons for adopting a cat from a shelter are very similar to those for adopting a dog. Not only are shelter cats in need of a new home, but many are already used to living with humans and can integrate into a house much more easily than a kitten bought from a pet store.

Shelters are, again, the more humane option. There are cat breeders that produce high volumes of kittens with little regard for their health; adopting from a shelter negates the risk of supporting institutions like this. Most shelters will spay or neuter the cat before adoption, as well as provide a rabies and distemper shot.

The adoption fees help offset these costs. While a pet store may be the easiest place to find a cat, purchasing an animal from one can be risky. Purchasing from a reputable breeder can be costly, but it provides you the option of selecting exactly the breed of cat you want. However, cats purchased from a reputable breeder will be less likely to have behavior or health problems.

NOTE: These costs are only estimates. Price often varies from one breeder to the next. Cats have many of the same medical expenses as dogs, but are also susceptible to certain problems that dogs are not.

There are a few core vaccinations that a cat should receive as a kitten, and potentially later in life. These include panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, rabies, feline leukemia, and chlamydophila. Speak with your vet about what types of vaccinations your cat needs, as not all of these are necessary or even safe for every cat.

Fleas can make a cat miserable and lead to your furry friend scratching itself bloody. Topical treatments are a popular option, but may leave certain areas of your cat vulnerable to fleas. If you give your cat an oral medication, it will prevent fleas and reduce any existing itch.

While heartworm prevention is important in dogs, it is absolutely vital in cats. To prevent the worst happening to your pet, make sure to take routine preventative treatments. As a result, routine dental care is important, whether through chewable sticks or cleanings. Cats can also be prone to ear mites and ear infections, so cleaning their ears out periodically prevents these conditions from forming or worsening. If you adopt from a shelter, your cat will likely already be spayed or neutered.

Many purebred cats can be prone to specific problems, but that is largely due to how the breeder chose what traits to pass on. Hairless cats are vulnerable to skin conditions, while white, blue-eyed cats are much more likely to be deaf than other color combinations. Before choosing a breed, look into the potential health risks associated with it and then check the credentials of the breeder. Ensure they place the long-term health of the cats before any specific traits.

This chart shows breeds particularly prone to health problems, including some of the problems to keep an eye out for. Routine grooming can prevent a number of problems. Bathing a cat is a bit more of an adventure.

With the exception of a few select breeds, the stereotype holds true: cats do not like water. A less-known service is sanitary cleaning; this involves trimming the hair around the rectum to remove fecal matter. This is usually included in the cost of a bath and helps prevent infections and bacterial growth. The food you feed your cat has a direct effect on the shine of its fur, its health, and potentially its lifespan.

With that in mind, you want to choose the best possible food for your feline friend. Your cat will likely be at its healthiest when fed premium cat food. Foods that are more digestible reduce the number of times your cat will visit the litter box per day, but provide more nutrients for less effort. Be aware of certain brands and keep an eye on recalls surrounding cat food.

Cats can entertain themselves with most anything and rarely require dedicated toys, although it can be a lot of fun to play with your cat. You might want additional items for your cat or to make changes to your home; for instance, a cat door.

If you are going to be away from home for an extended period more than five days or so , you may want to put your cat into a cattery. To get a better idea of total estimated costs for your pet, use the calculator below. If your budget already includes the standard costs of pet care, you should also keep potential emergencies in mind. Just as with children, sometime situations arise you could never have predicted. A sudden illness or injury can mean an emergency visit to the veterinarian; aside from the added charge of an after-hours visit, the procedure to save your pet can cost thousands of dollars.

Set up an account specifically for pet-related emergencies. Cost estimates are from Vetary. Call your vet immediately and get your pet medical treatment as soon as possible. While many of the common emergencies that cats face are the same as dogs, there are a few differences that the people at Catster have laid out.

Some of these symptoms may be caused by something relatively minor, but without a thorough checkup by a vet it is impossible to tell. If your cat begins to act strangely or seems to be in pain, take it to the vet immediately. Pet insurance is exactly what it sounds like: health insurance for your pets. Getting settled equipment for housing, telephone deposit, etc. Tuition and Medical insurance coverage. Tuition per session depending on the level of study and program.

Welcome and services About our services and staff Publications. Admission requirements Admission procedures Deadlines Registration and letter of admission Required documents Admission policy Useful links. From Open Source Ecology. Jump to: navigation , search. Categories : Statistics Guiding philosophies. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. Namespaces Page Discussion. Views Read View source View history. This page was last edited on 8 May , at Content is available under CreativeCommons by-sa4.

901,000
* €/m2
Low-Cost, Old-World Living in Portugal
219 m2 | 3 bedrooms | 4 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
(40) reported average lifetime costs for uterine-related care for a 35year-old woman in King County, Wash., to be $2, ( dollars, not discounted). Portugal offers arguably the lowest cost of living in Western Europe. Just about Note that the average size of apartments in Portugal, as in the rest of Europe. When is the cost of medical treatment worth the benefit of extra years of demonstrated that the average value of a year of quality human life is.

Zenios's conclusions arrive amidst mounting debate over whether Medicare, the U. Medicare, on the other hand, decides whether to pay for new technology based on whether a treatment is "medically necessary and appropriate.

Such a move would mean that "if the incremental cost of a new technology was more than the threshold," Zenios says, "then the recommendation would be that Medicare not cover that new technology. Assigning a dollar figure to Medicare patients' lives may sound crass, but such valuations are routine in Americans' daily lives. Or the cost calculations that for-profit health insurers make to determine how much coverage they'll give customers. Some items that are luxuries elsewhere, such as good wine and olive oil, are locally produced and therefore inexpensive.

But much of what is most enjoyable about Portugal—the friendly people, the leisurely lifestyle, mild weather, beautiful countryside, and ample beaches—is free. The same applies to your personal preferences: If you like to travel a great deal, whether by plane, car, or rail, your Incidentals category will be bumped up.

And you should expect to pay somewhat higher rent in certain areas. Romance, culture and adventure awaits in Portugal. Learn more about Portugal and other European countries in our daily postcard e-letter. This cost depends entirely on your personal circumstances. Training is an optional cost.

If you have owned a dog before, then you may be able to get away with training it on your own unless it is a particularly difficult breed. Not only does training reduce behavioral issues, but it can also reduce costs later in the future; for instance, the cost of a lawsuit or medical treatments if your dog bites someone. Dogs and cats are the two most popular pets on the planet, but the differences between these two animals are stark.

Dogs tend to require far more attention than cats do. From a financial standpoint, this translates into more expenses. Dogs need to be brushed every day or every few days—more if you own a particularly energetic breed that frequently gets dirty.

More energy results in more injuries, and dogs often benefit from training. As a rule, owning a dog will be more expensive than owning a cat. Adopting a dog from a legitimate shelter assures you first that the dog has been taken care of. Shelters take care of immediate medical needs and vaccinate and treat for common maladies such as kennel cough, parvo, and distemper. The adoption fee covers the cost of this medical care, as well as food, shelter, and transport.

Many people prefer to adopt from a shelter. Adopting is the most humane option and gives the dogs a second chance. While the cost of adoption may seem high, it covers a number of expenses and can actually save you money in the long run. The total cost of everything a shelter provides for a dog often exceeds the adoption fee. Pet stores are usually the go-to option for first time pet owners, but many animal lovers warn against them.

Pet stores, particularly smaller ones, often purchase their animals from high-volume breeders. These breeders are more concerned with making a profit than the well-being of the animals. This means that animals purchased from pet stores have a higher risk of health problems than those adopted from a shelter or bought from a licensed breeder.

High-volume breeders often keep animals confined to cages for years, only allowing limited amounts of exercise per day. They do this to keep the males and females separated, only allowing them together for the purpose of mating. The Best Friends Animal Society, an organization dedicated to the proper treatment of pets, details the problems with puppy mills and ways the average person can fight back. Breeders are the easiest way to get a purebred dog of the type you want.

People interested in competing in dog shows will most likely need to go through a breeder to get papers for the American Kennel Club. Another benefit to purchasing from a breeder is that undesirable traits will likely have been bred out. Health and behavioral issues are minimized as much as possible through selective breeding, while the traits a pet owner wants—obedience, loyalty, friendliness, etc. That said, a breeder can be expensive.

NOTE: These prices are only estimates and that real prices can vary significantly due pedigree and location of breeders. NOTE: While these prices on average are relatively cheaper than the expensive breeds, they can cost significantly more depending on factors such as pedigree and certifications. There are number of medical considerations for dogs that must be understood before you adopt. Dogs need vaccinations, flea treatments, heartworm medications, ear and dental care, and unless you intend to breed, spaying and neutering.

According to the AKC , dogs need multiple vaccines in their first year of life—and some of these vaccines must be renewed periodically. These include vaccinations for kennel cough, canine distemper, canine hepatitis, canine parainfluenza, coronavirus, heartworms, leptospirosis, lyme disease, parvovirus, and rabies. Eliminating fleas is a matter of comfort not only for you, but for your dog too.

Animals with fleas are miserable, and fleas can actually carry a number of dangerous diseases. Heartworms kill countless dogs each year, and the sad truth is that many of those deaths could be prevented.

Heartworm control is one of the most important parts of owning a dog; while they are easy to prevent, heartworms can be very difficult to treat. If you adopt from a shelter, there is a good chance your dog will have already been spayed or neutered. Certain breeds of dogs are more prone to medical problems than others.

Some are almost infamous for them; for example, pugs and bulldogs. Most flat-faced dog breeds have chronic respiratory issues and are known for loud snoring. While that may be an endearing quality to many people, the snoring is a result of the animal struggling to breathe.

German Shepherds are also prone to a number of problems like eczema and hip dysplasia. A good rule to remember is that any animal bred to look a specific way likely has a health issue as a result. King Charles Cavalier Spaniels are prone to brain injury because their skulls have been bred almost too small for their brains, while English Bulldogs face a number of joint issues as well as skin issues. Grooming helps keep dogs clean, comfortable, and prevents potential health problems later in life.

The last thing anyone wants to do is hurt their pet. If you think a dog is hard to catch normally, try grabbing one covered in soap. Most dog food are fine, however, you should always do your research and purchase the healthiest food for your canine family member, even if it costs a premium.

In a article from the New York Times , the author looks at different types of dog food, both premium and non-premium, and demonstrated that the first five ingredients were all essentially the same. This is because pet food must meet certain guidelines before it can be sold. The primary difference between the two types of pet food is that regular food uses more grains and poultry, meat, and fish byproducts as filler.

There have been multiple dog food recalls , including seven in , because of issues with the contents of the food. One recall from a brand-name pet store, no less was because some of the food contained bits of metal. Premium dog food contains the same nutrients, but the source of those nutrients tends to be different.

Some premium dog food is billed as all natural with no synthetic chemicals. Some dogs will require specific diets as a result of health problems, which can increase the food cost for the year. There are only a few pieces of equipment that dogs absolutely need: a food and water bowl, a leash, and a crate.

Beyond that, much of the equipment available for dogs is a luxury. However, this cost can increase drastically if you need to make changes to your home. Training is an absolutely vital part of owning a dog.

232,000
* €/m2
Navigation menu
198 m2 | 2 bedrooms | 7 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
Costs per completed suicide for the three countries are similar ranging from $ to The average lifetime cost of a completed suicide in Australia was $ for a couple: $4, per month. Average. Cost. Functions. x Let's now introduce another marginal Then the average cost of producing x units of the commodity is obtained by.

Cost of living is a real concern, one closely related to the pursuit of Self-Determination. OSE emphasizes that using today's technology, and the Factor , imply that providing for one's basic necessities should not be a preoccupation for most people on the planet. Even in wealthy countries, the cost of living is so high that tremendous pressure is put on households just to get by.

This means thorough obliteration of one's deeper dreams and pursuits - a sad state of human evolution indeed. From Open Source Ecology. Jump to: navigation , search. Categories : Statistics Guiding philosophies. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. Namespaces Page Discussion.

Views Read View source View history. This page was last edited on 8 May , at Content is available under CreativeCommons by-sa4. Admission requirements Admission procedures Deadlines Registration and letter of admission Required documents Admission policy Useful links. Steps to follow Student categories Useful definitions Length of studies Useful links. Medical insurance Additional insurance for dental care Exemption from contributions Useful links.

General information Exemption from differential fees Payment of tuition fees Useful links. Customs and luggage Arrival procedures Temporary accommodation Bank transfers Useful links. Work permit and Social Insurance Number Work-study program.

Linving costs. Books and school supplies.

372,000
* €/m2
204 m2 | 3 bedrooms | 8 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
Is it more cost-effective to age at home or move into a senior living to assisted living or skilled nursing, those levels of care average $3, Although the cost of living in Montréal is relatively low compared to other large North American cities, foreign students should expect to spend large sums of. B End-of-life costs represent the average spending per chronically ill Medicare patient in the last C The annual average earnings were calculated by annualizing​.

Most people in the USA do not like their jobs. This begs a question: why does most of the world not pursue their true interests, by removing material constraints from dictating the course of one's life - when technological capacity to produce all needs far outstrips those needs - with modern technology?

From [8] :. Say a person lives 78 years [9] , and you take the average cost of living from BLS. This certainly makes a case for buying out at the bottom.

Why does OSE study these numbers? And did you know that this wiki page the most visited page on the wiki? Why is that? Cost of living is a real concern, one closely related to the pursuit of Self-Determination.

OSE emphasizes that using today's technology, and the Factor , imply that providing for one's basic necessities should not be a preoccupation for most people on the planet. Even in wealthy countries, the cost of living is so high that tremendous pressure is put on households just to get by.

This means thorough obliteration of one's deeper dreams and pursuits - a sad state of human evolution indeed. Based on patient surveys, one "quality of life" year is defined as about two years of life on dialysis. Zenios's conclusions arrive amidst mounting debate over whether Medicare, the U. Medicare, on the other hand, decides whether to pay for new technology based on whether a treatment is "medically necessary and appropriate.

Such a move would mean that "if the incremental cost of a new technology was more than the threshold," Zenios says, "then the recommendation would be that Medicare not cover that new technology. Assigning a dollar figure to Medicare patients' lives may sound crass, but such valuations are routine in Americans' daily lives. Or the cost calculations that for-profit health insurers make to determine how much coverage they'll give customers.

In fact, at least some Americans seem at ease with allowing money to play a prominent role in health care decisions. The Stanford researchers caution that if Medicare fully adopted a cost-benefit analysis model, too many patients could be denied life-saving treatment.

460,000
* €/m2
Get Your Free Portugal Report Here:
230 m2 | 1 bedrooms | 9 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
As an expat your cost of living will hinge on whether or not you live as a In , Moscow's official average salary increased to , RUB. Retirement living at Parkland costs less than you think. Try our online calculator to compare your monthly expenses to Parkland independent living. Although the cost of living in Montréal is relatively low compared to other large North American cities, foreign students should expect to spend large sums of.

This certainly makes a case for buying out at the bottom. Why does OSE study these numbers? And did you know that this wiki page the most visited page on the wiki?

Why is that? Cost of living is a real concern, one closely related to the pursuit of Self-Determination. OSE emphasizes that using today's technology, and the Factor , imply that providing for one's basic necessities should not be a preoccupation for most people on the planet. Even in wealthy countries, the cost of living is so high that tremendous pressure is put on households just to get by.

This means thorough obliteration of one's deeper dreams and pursuits - a sad state of human evolution indeed. Zenios's conclusions arrive amidst mounting debate over whether Medicare, the U. Medicare, on the other hand, decides whether to pay for new technology based on whether a treatment is "medically necessary and appropriate. Such a move would mean that "if the incremental cost of a new technology was more than the threshold," Zenios says, "then the recommendation would be that Medicare not cover that new technology.

Assigning a dollar figure to Medicare patients' lives may sound crass, but such valuations are routine in Americans' daily lives. Or the cost calculations that for-profit health insurers make to determine how much coverage they'll give customers.

Arrival transportation, temporary accommodations, restaurants. Getting settled equipment for housing, telephone deposit, etc. Tuition and Medical insurance coverage. Tuition per session depending on the level of study and program. Welcome and services About our services and staff Publications.

906,000
* €/m2
216 m2 | 7 bedrooms | 10 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
Is it more cost-effective to age at home or move into a senior living to assisted living or skilled nursing, those levels of care average $3, When is the cost of medical treatment worth the benefit of extra years of demonstrated that the average value of a year of quality human life is. for a couple: $4, per month.

Arrival transportation, temporary accommodations, restaurants. Getting settled equipment for housing, telephone deposit, etc. Tuition and Medical insurance coverage. Tuition per session depending on the level of study and program. Welcome and services About our services and staff Publications. It is also the one procedure that Medicare has covered unconditionally since despite rapid and sometimes expensive innovations in its administration.

To tally the cost-effectiveness of such innovations Zenios and his colleagues ran a computer analysis of more than half a million patients who underwent dialysis, adding up costs and comparing that data to treatment outcomes. Based on patient surveys, one "quality of life" year is defined as about two years of life on dialysis. Zenios's conclusions arrive amidst mounting debate over whether Medicare, the U.

Medicare, on the other hand, decides whether to pay for new technology based on whether a treatment is "medically necessary and appropriate. This guide examines the different costs associated with pet ownership and helps you know what to expect, how to plan for these expenses, and potential ways to reduce the financial burden of pet ownership. There are two main cost areas when owning a pet: the initial cost adoption costs, vaccinations, training, etc.

Combining both of these costs together will give you a rough estimate of the lifetime cost of your pet. One of the first expenses of pet ownership is the adoption or purchase price. The price of purchasing from a breeder is typically influenced by the demand for that particular breed. Reputable breeders will charge fair, if competitive, prices, while backyard breeders will charge high prices to earn a profit.

You should avoid purchasing from backyard breeders; their practices are driven by money rather than care for the animals. Backyard breeders often purchase from puppy mills and other unethical institutions. The Partnership for Animal Welfare provides a useful guide for identifying the differences between backyard breeders and legitimate breeders.

Legitimate breeders know their breeds and can refer buyers to other satisfied customers, while backyard breeders will sell to whomever is willing to pay. Adoption costs, on the other hand, cover a variety of expenses. Many shelters and rescues will microchip animals, provide medical care and heartworm care, and in some cases even spay and neuter animals.

Medical costs are arguably the most expensive aspect of owning a pet; even smaller expenses quickly add up. None of this includes emergency treatments your pet may require. Pet insurance is another expense that can be marked as a medical expense, but is well worth it.

We explain pet insurance in a later section. Depending on the breed of dog or cat you own, grooming can be a relatively minor cost or a budget-breaking one. Long haired breeds require much more grooming than short haired breeds, although you can often reduce the cost of grooming by handling it yourself.

Depending on the size of your pet, this could be enough for a single month. Equipment costs vary wildly depending on the individual. However, for an indoor pet, you may only need water and food bowls and a few toys. This cost depends entirely on your personal circumstances. Training is an optional cost. If you have owned a dog before, then you may be able to get away with training it on your own unless it is a particularly difficult breed. Not only does training reduce behavioral issues, but it can also reduce costs later in the future; for instance, the cost of a lawsuit or medical treatments if your dog bites someone.

Dogs and cats are the two most popular pets on the planet, but the differences between these two animals are stark. Dogs tend to require far more attention than cats do.

From a financial standpoint, this translates into more expenses. Dogs need to be brushed every day or every few days—more if you own a particularly energetic breed that frequently gets dirty. More energy results in more injuries, and dogs often benefit from training.

As a rule, owning a dog will be more expensive than owning a cat. Adopting a dog from a legitimate shelter assures you first that the dog has been taken care of. Shelters take care of immediate medical needs and vaccinate and treat for common maladies such as kennel cough, parvo, and distemper. The adoption fee covers the cost of this medical care, as well as food, shelter, and transport.

Many people prefer to adopt from a shelter. Adopting is the most humane option and gives the dogs a second chance. While the cost of adoption may seem high, it covers a number of expenses and can actually save you money in the long run. The total cost of everything a shelter provides for a dog often exceeds the adoption fee. Pet stores are usually the go-to option for first time pet owners, but many animal lovers warn against them.

Pet stores, particularly smaller ones, often purchase their animals from high-volume breeders. These breeders are more concerned with making a profit than the well-being of the animals. This means that animals purchased from pet stores have a higher risk of health problems than those adopted from a shelter or bought from a licensed breeder.

High-volume breeders often keep animals confined to cages for years, only allowing limited amounts of exercise per day. They do this to keep the males and females separated, only allowing them together for the purpose of mating. The Best Friends Animal Society, an organization dedicated to the proper treatment of pets, details the problems with puppy mills and ways the average person can fight back.

Breeders are the easiest way to get a purebred dog of the type you want. People interested in competing in dog shows will most likely need to go through a breeder to get papers for the American Kennel Club. Another benefit to purchasing from a breeder is that undesirable traits will likely have been bred out. Health and behavioral issues are minimized as much as possible through selective breeding, while the traits a pet owner wants—obedience, loyalty, friendliness, etc.

That said, a breeder can be expensive. NOTE: These prices are only estimates and that real prices can vary significantly due pedigree and location of breeders.

NOTE: While these prices on average are relatively cheaper than the expensive breeds, they can cost significantly more depending on factors such as pedigree and certifications. There are number of medical considerations for dogs that must be understood before you adopt.

Dogs need vaccinations, flea treatments, heartworm medications, ear and dental care, and unless you intend to breed, spaying and neutering. According to the AKC , dogs need multiple vaccines in their first year of life—and some of these vaccines must be renewed periodically. These include vaccinations for kennel cough, canine distemper, canine hepatitis, canine parainfluenza, coronavirus, heartworms, leptospirosis, lyme disease, parvovirus, and rabies.

Eliminating fleas is a matter of comfort not only for you, but for your dog too. Animals with fleas are miserable, and fleas can actually carry a number of dangerous diseases. Heartworms kill countless dogs each year, and the sad truth is that many of those deaths could be prevented. Heartworm control is one of the most important parts of owning a dog; while they are easy to prevent, heartworms can be very difficult to treat.

If you adopt from a shelter, there is a good chance your dog will have already been spayed or neutered. Certain breeds of dogs are more prone to medical problems than others. Some are almost infamous for them; for example, pugs and bulldogs.

478,000
* €/m2
265 m2 | 9 bedrooms | 5 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
Average Monthly Rent Across Canada. Below, find data from cities from across Canada, surveyed from Comfort Life clients in Major city, Avg. Cost. The Lifetime Cost of a Pet and then general costs over your pet's lifetime (food, toys, routine vet visits, Average Initial and Lifetime Pet Costs. On average, to cover your living expenses in Germany you will need around euros per month (around $ US dollars) or 10, euros per.

Tuition per session depending on the level of study and program. Welcome and services About our services and staff Publications. Admission requirements Admission procedures Deadlines Registration and letter of admission Required documents Admission policy Useful links.

Steps to follow Student categories Useful definitions Length of studies Useful links. Medical insurance Additional insurance for dental care Exemption from contributions Useful links. General information Exemption from differential fees Payment of tuition fees Useful links. Customs and luggage Arrival procedures Temporary accommodation Bank transfers Useful links.

Work permit and Social Insurance Number Work-study program. Legitimate breeders know their breeds and can refer buyers to other satisfied customers, while backyard breeders will sell to whomever is willing to pay. Adoption costs, on the other hand, cover a variety of expenses. Many shelters and rescues will microchip animals, provide medical care and heartworm care, and in some cases even spay and neuter animals.

Medical costs are arguably the most expensive aspect of owning a pet; even smaller expenses quickly add up. None of this includes emergency treatments your pet may require. Pet insurance is another expense that can be marked as a medical expense, but is well worth it.

We explain pet insurance in a later section. Depending on the breed of dog or cat you own, grooming can be a relatively minor cost or a budget-breaking one. Long haired breeds require much more grooming than short haired breeds, although you can often reduce the cost of grooming by handling it yourself.

Depending on the size of your pet, this could be enough for a single month. Equipment costs vary wildly depending on the individual. However, for an indoor pet, you may only need water and food bowls and a few toys.

This cost depends entirely on your personal circumstances. Training is an optional cost. If you have owned a dog before, then you may be able to get away with training it on your own unless it is a particularly difficult breed. Not only does training reduce behavioral issues, but it can also reduce costs later in the future; for instance, the cost of a lawsuit or medical treatments if your dog bites someone. Dogs and cats are the two most popular pets on the planet, but the differences between these two animals are stark.

Dogs tend to require far more attention than cats do. From a financial standpoint, this translates into more expenses. Dogs need to be brushed every day or every few days—more if you own a particularly energetic breed that frequently gets dirty. More energy results in more injuries, and dogs often benefit from training.

As a rule, owning a dog will be more expensive than owning a cat. Adopting a dog from a legitimate shelter assures you first that the dog has been taken care of. Shelters take care of immediate medical needs and vaccinate and treat for common maladies such as kennel cough, parvo, and distemper.

The adoption fee covers the cost of this medical care, as well as food, shelter, and transport. Many people prefer to adopt from a shelter. Adopting is the most humane option and gives the dogs a second chance. While the cost of adoption may seem high, it covers a number of expenses and can actually save you money in the long run. The total cost of everything a shelter provides for a dog often exceeds the adoption fee.

Pet stores are usually the go-to option for first time pet owners, but many animal lovers warn against them. Pet stores, particularly smaller ones, often purchase their animals from high-volume breeders. These breeders are more concerned with making a profit than the well-being of the animals. This means that animals purchased from pet stores have a higher risk of health problems than those adopted from a shelter or bought from a licensed breeder.

High-volume breeders often keep animals confined to cages for years, only allowing limited amounts of exercise per day. They do this to keep the males and females separated, only allowing them together for the purpose of mating. The Best Friends Animal Society, an organization dedicated to the proper treatment of pets, details the problems with puppy mills and ways the average person can fight back.

Breeders are the easiest way to get a purebred dog of the type you want. People interested in competing in dog shows will most likely need to go through a breeder to get papers for the American Kennel Club. Another benefit to purchasing from a breeder is that undesirable traits will likely have been bred out.

Health and behavioral issues are minimized as much as possible through selective breeding, while the traits a pet owner wants—obedience, loyalty, friendliness, etc.

That said, a breeder can be expensive. NOTE: These prices are only estimates and that real prices can vary significantly due pedigree and location of breeders. NOTE: While these prices on average are relatively cheaper than the expensive breeds, they can cost significantly more depending on factors such as pedigree and certifications. There are number of medical considerations for dogs that must be understood before you adopt.

Dogs need vaccinations, flea treatments, heartworm medications, ear and dental care, and unless you intend to breed, spaying and neutering. According to the AKC , dogs need multiple vaccines in their first year of life—and some of these vaccines must be renewed periodically.

These include vaccinations for kennel cough, canine distemper, canine hepatitis, canine parainfluenza, coronavirus, heartworms, leptospirosis, lyme disease, parvovirus, and rabies. Eliminating fleas is a matter of comfort not only for you, but for your dog too.

Animals with fleas are miserable, and fleas can actually carry a number of dangerous diseases. Heartworms kill countless dogs each year, and the sad truth is that many of those deaths could be prevented. Heartworm control is one of the most important parts of owning a dog; while they are easy to prevent, heartworms can be very difficult to treat. If you adopt from a shelter, there is a good chance your dog will have already been spayed or neutered. Certain breeds of dogs are more prone to medical problems than others.

Some are almost infamous for them; for example, pugs and bulldogs. Most flat-faced dog breeds have chronic respiratory issues and are known for loud snoring. While that may be an endearing quality to many people, the snoring is a result of the animal struggling to breathe. German Shepherds are also prone to a number of problems like eczema and hip dysplasia. A good rule to remember is that any animal bred to look a specific way likely has a health issue as a result.

King Charles Cavalier Spaniels are prone to brain injury because their skulls have been bred almost too small for their brains, while English Bulldogs face a number of joint issues as well as skin issues. Grooming helps keep dogs clean, comfortable, and prevents potential health problems later in life.

The last thing anyone wants to do is hurt their pet. If you think a dog is hard to catch normally, try grabbing one covered in soap.

Most dog food are fine, however, you should always do your research and purchase the healthiest food for your canine family member, even if it costs a premium. In a article from the New York Times , the author looks at different types of dog food, both premium and non-premium, and demonstrated that the first five ingredients were all essentially the same. This is because pet food must meet certain guidelines before it can be sold. The primary difference between the two types of pet food is that regular food uses more grains and poultry, meat, and fish byproducts as filler.

There have been multiple dog food recalls , including seven in , because of issues with the contents of the food. One recall from a brand-name pet store, no less was because some of the food contained bits of metal.

Premium dog food contains the same nutrients, but the source of those nutrients tends to be different. Some premium dog food is billed as all natural with no synthetic chemicals. Some dogs will require specific diets as a result of health problems, which can increase the food cost for the year. There are only a few pieces of equipment that dogs absolutely need: a food and water bowl, a leash, and a crate.

Beyond that, much of the equipment available for dogs is a luxury. However, this cost can increase drastically if you need to make changes to your home. Training is an absolutely vital part of owning a dog. Whether you train Fido yourself or pay for a professional to do it, training helps keep your dog safe. Knowing he will stop when you tell him to can mean the difference between your dog running into the road or some other danger.

Training your dog with a group of other dogs can be doubly beneficial. Not only will your pet learn to listen, but the socialization it gains from being exposed to other dogs will help. Private training is ideal for dogs that have behavioral issues or need particular care. A trainer will spend one-on-one time with your dog and help to correct whatever behavior needs correcting. Premium training is the equivalent of puppy boarding school.

Your dog will live in a boarding facility for two to four weeks and receive hours of individual attention each day. Life happens. During this time, you might not be able to give your dog the attention it needs.

Hiring a dog walker can alleviate this problem and ensure your pooch gets the right amount of exercise. Another option to look at is pet sitting. Using a professional pet sitter that is certified and insured can help alleviate the stress of both owners and animal. The owner and pet can feel comfortable in knowing that the pet is in a familiar place without the stresses of other dogs, people, and buildings.

In some cases, it is even cheaper to bring in a pet sitter to come and play with the pet for an hour or two a day. NAPPS National Association of Professional Pet Sitters is a non-profit that sets industry standards to keeping your pet safe and happy, we recommend looking at sitters that are NAPPs certified, or doing your own research and vetting your sitter very carefully.

Cats are more self-sufficient than dogs. They require less personal attention and can be expected to take care of themselves for days at a time. Cats are also less expensive overall than dogs, especially if kept indoors. The reasons for adopting a cat from a shelter are very similar to those for adopting a dog.

395,000
* €/m2
The Lifetime Cost of a Pet
191 m2 | 4 bedrooms | 3 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
(40) reported average lifetime costs for uterine-related care for a 35year-old woman in King County, Wash., to be $2, ( dollars, not discounted). B End-of-life costs represent the average spending per chronically ill Medicare patient in the last C The annual average earnings were calculated by annualizing​. Thus, it appears that the average life of a modern farm tractor is in the order of 16 to 20 years, as compared with about 12 years for tractors made during iil.

Hiring a dog walker can alleviate this problem and ensure your pooch gets the right amount of exercise. Another option to look at is pet sitting. Using a professional pet sitter that is certified and insured can help alleviate the stress of both owners and animal.

The owner and pet can feel comfortable in knowing that the pet is in a familiar place without the stresses of other dogs, people, and buildings. In some cases, it is even cheaper to bring in a pet sitter to come and play with the pet for an hour or two a day. NAPPS National Association of Professional Pet Sitters is a non-profit that sets industry standards to keeping your pet safe and happy, we recommend looking at sitters that are NAPPs certified, or doing your own research and vetting your sitter very carefully.

Cats are more self-sufficient than dogs. They require less personal attention and can be expected to take care of themselves for days at a time. Cats are also less expensive overall than dogs, especially if kept indoors. The reasons for adopting a cat from a shelter are very similar to those for adopting a dog.

Not only are shelter cats in need of a new home, but many are already used to living with humans and can integrate into a house much more easily than a kitten bought from a pet store.

Shelters are, again, the more humane option. There are cat breeders that produce high volumes of kittens with little regard for their health; adopting from a shelter negates the risk of supporting institutions like this.

Most shelters will spay or neuter the cat before adoption, as well as provide a rabies and distemper shot. The adoption fees help offset these costs. While a pet store may be the easiest place to find a cat, purchasing an animal from one can be risky.

Purchasing from a reputable breeder can be costly, but it provides you the option of selecting exactly the breed of cat you want. However, cats purchased from a reputable breeder will be less likely to have behavior or health problems.

NOTE: These costs are only estimates. Price often varies from one breeder to the next. Cats have many of the same medical expenses as dogs, but are also susceptible to certain problems that dogs are not.

There are a few core vaccinations that a cat should receive as a kitten, and potentially later in life. These include panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, rabies, feline leukemia, and chlamydophila.

Speak with your vet about what types of vaccinations your cat needs, as not all of these are necessary or even safe for every cat. Fleas can make a cat miserable and lead to your furry friend scratching itself bloody. Topical treatments are a popular option, but may leave certain areas of your cat vulnerable to fleas.

If you give your cat an oral medication, it will prevent fleas and reduce any existing itch. While heartworm prevention is important in dogs, it is absolutely vital in cats. To prevent the worst happening to your pet, make sure to take routine preventative treatments.

As a result, routine dental care is important, whether through chewable sticks or cleanings. Cats can also be prone to ear mites and ear infections, so cleaning their ears out periodically prevents these conditions from forming or worsening. If you adopt from a shelter, your cat will likely already be spayed or neutered. Many purebred cats can be prone to specific problems, but that is largely due to how the breeder chose what traits to pass on.

Hairless cats are vulnerable to skin conditions, while white, blue-eyed cats are much more likely to be deaf than other color combinations. Before choosing a breed, look into the potential health risks associated with it and then check the credentials of the breeder. Ensure they place the long-term health of the cats before any specific traits. This chart shows breeds particularly prone to health problems, including some of the problems to keep an eye out for.

Routine grooming can prevent a number of problems. Bathing a cat is a bit more of an adventure. With the exception of a few select breeds, the stereotype holds true: cats do not like water. A less-known service is sanitary cleaning; this involves trimming the hair around the rectum to remove fecal matter.

This is usually included in the cost of a bath and helps prevent infections and bacterial growth. The food you feed your cat has a direct effect on the shine of its fur, its health, and potentially its lifespan. With that in mind, you want to choose the best possible food for your feline friend. Your cat will likely be at its healthiest when fed premium cat food. Foods that are more digestible reduce the number of times your cat will visit the litter box per day, but provide more nutrients for less effort.

Be aware of certain brands and keep an eye on recalls surrounding cat food. Cats can entertain themselves with most anything and rarely require dedicated toys, although it can be a lot of fun to play with your cat. You might want additional items for your cat or to make changes to your home; for instance, a cat door. If you are going to be away from home for an extended period more than five days or so , you may want to put your cat into a cattery. To get a better idea of total estimated costs for your pet, use the calculator below.

If your budget already includes the standard costs of pet care, you should also keep potential emergencies in mind. Just as with children, sometime situations arise you could never have predicted. A sudden illness or injury can mean an emergency visit to the veterinarian; aside from the added charge of an after-hours visit, the procedure to save your pet can cost thousands of dollars.

Set up an account specifically for pet-related emergencies. Cost estimates are from Vetary. Call your vet immediately and get your pet medical treatment as soon as possible. While many of the common emergencies that cats face are the same as dogs, there are a few differences that the people at Catster have laid out.

Some of these symptoms may be caused by something relatively minor, but without a thorough checkup by a vet it is impossible to tell. If your cat begins to act strangely or seems to be in pain, take it to the vet immediately. Pet insurance is exactly what it sounds like: health insurance for your pets. You pay a monthly premium just like you would for your personal health insurance that helps offset the cost of medical care for your pets.

While pet insurance can reduce the cost of vet visits, its primary usage is in medical emergencies. New research, however, would argue that that figure is far too low. To get to that number, Stefanos Zenios and his colleagues at Stanford Graduate School of Business used kidney dialysis as a benchmark.

Every year dialysis saves the lives of hundreds of thousands of Americans who would otherwise die of renal failure while waiting for an organ transplant. It is also the one procedure that Medicare has covered unconditionally since despite rapid and sometimes expensive innovations in its administration. To tally the cost-effectiveness of such innovations Zenios and his colleagues ran a computer analysis of more than half a million patients who underwent dialysis, adding up costs and comparing that data to treatment outcomes.

Arrival transportation, temporary accommodations, restaurants. Getting settled equipment for housing, telephone deposit, etc. Tuition and Medical insurance coverage. Tuition per session depending on the level of study and program. Welcome and services About our services and staff Publications.

420,000
* €/m2
162 m2 | 9 bedrooms | 1 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
Average Yearly Cost. $20, per person per year according to Bureau of Labor Statistics (value given divided by Although the cost of living in Montréal is relatively low compared to other large North American cities, foreign students should expect to spend large sums of. As an expat your cost of living will hinge on whether or not you live as a In , Moscow's official average salary increased to , RUB.

Certain breeds of dogs are more prone to medical problems than others. Some are almost infamous for them; for example, pugs and bulldogs.

Most flat-faced dog breeds have chronic respiratory issues and are known for loud snoring. While that may be an endearing quality to many people, the snoring is a result of the animal struggling to breathe. German Shepherds are also prone to a number of problems like eczema and hip dysplasia.

A good rule to remember is that any animal bred to look a specific way likely has a health issue as a result. King Charles Cavalier Spaniels are prone to brain injury because their skulls have been bred almost too small for their brains, while English Bulldogs face a number of joint issues as well as skin issues.

Grooming helps keep dogs clean, comfortable, and prevents potential health problems later in life. The last thing anyone wants to do is hurt their pet. If you think a dog is hard to catch normally, try grabbing one covered in soap. Most dog food are fine, however, you should always do your research and purchase the healthiest food for your canine family member, even if it costs a premium.

In a article from the New York Times , the author looks at different types of dog food, both premium and non-premium, and demonstrated that the first five ingredients were all essentially the same. This is because pet food must meet certain guidelines before it can be sold.

The primary difference between the two types of pet food is that regular food uses more grains and poultry, meat, and fish byproducts as filler. There have been multiple dog food recalls , including seven in , because of issues with the contents of the food. One recall from a brand-name pet store, no less was because some of the food contained bits of metal. Premium dog food contains the same nutrients, but the source of those nutrients tends to be different.

Some premium dog food is billed as all natural with no synthetic chemicals. Some dogs will require specific diets as a result of health problems, which can increase the food cost for the year. There are only a few pieces of equipment that dogs absolutely need: a food and water bowl, a leash, and a crate. Beyond that, much of the equipment available for dogs is a luxury. However, this cost can increase drastically if you need to make changes to your home.

Training is an absolutely vital part of owning a dog. Whether you train Fido yourself or pay for a professional to do it, training helps keep your dog safe. Knowing he will stop when you tell him to can mean the difference between your dog running into the road or some other danger. Training your dog with a group of other dogs can be doubly beneficial.

Not only will your pet learn to listen, but the socialization it gains from being exposed to other dogs will help. Private training is ideal for dogs that have behavioral issues or need particular care.

A trainer will spend one-on-one time with your dog and help to correct whatever behavior needs correcting. Premium training is the equivalent of puppy boarding school. Your dog will live in a boarding facility for two to four weeks and receive hours of individual attention each day.

Life happens. During this time, you might not be able to give your dog the attention it needs. Hiring a dog walker can alleviate this problem and ensure your pooch gets the right amount of exercise. Another option to look at is pet sitting. Using a professional pet sitter that is certified and insured can help alleviate the stress of both owners and animal. The owner and pet can feel comfortable in knowing that the pet is in a familiar place without the stresses of other dogs, people, and buildings.

In some cases, it is even cheaper to bring in a pet sitter to come and play with the pet for an hour or two a day. NAPPS National Association of Professional Pet Sitters is a non-profit that sets industry standards to keeping your pet safe and happy, we recommend looking at sitters that are NAPPs certified, or doing your own research and vetting your sitter very carefully.

Cats are more self-sufficient than dogs. They require less personal attention and can be expected to take care of themselves for days at a time. Cats are also less expensive overall than dogs, especially if kept indoors. The reasons for adopting a cat from a shelter are very similar to those for adopting a dog.

Not only are shelter cats in need of a new home, but many are already used to living with humans and can integrate into a house much more easily than a kitten bought from a pet store. Shelters are, again, the more humane option. There are cat breeders that produce high volumes of kittens with little regard for their health; adopting from a shelter negates the risk of supporting institutions like this.

Most shelters will spay or neuter the cat before adoption, as well as provide a rabies and distemper shot. The adoption fees help offset these costs.

While a pet store may be the easiest place to find a cat, purchasing an animal from one can be risky. Purchasing from a reputable breeder can be costly, but it provides you the option of selecting exactly the breed of cat you want.

However, cats purchased from a reputable breeder will be less likely to have behavior or health problems. NOTE: These costs are only estimates. Price often varies from one breeder to the next. Cats have many of the same medical expenses as dogs, but are also susceptible to certain problems that dogs are not. There are a few core vaccinations that a cat should receive as a kitten, and potentially later in life. These include panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, rabies, feline leukemia, and chlamydophila.

Speak with your vet about what types of vaccinations your cat needs, as not all of these are necessary or even safe for every cat. Fleas can make a cat miserable and lead to your furry friend scratching itself bloody. Topical treatments are a popular option, but may leave certain areas of your cat vulnerable to fleas.

If you give your cat an oral medication, it will prevent fleas and reduce any existing itch. While heartworm prevention is important in dogs, it is absolutely vital in cats.

To prevent the worst happening to your pet, make sure to take routine preventative treatments. As a result, routine dental care is important, whether through chewable sticks or cleanings.

Cats can also be prone to ear mites and ear infections, so cleaning their ears out periodically prevents these conditions from forming or worsening. If you adopt from a shelter, your cat will likely already be spayed or neutered. Many purebred cats can be prone to specific problems, but that is largely due to how the breeder chose what traits to pass on. Hairless cats are vulnerable to skin conditions, while white, blue-eyed cats are much more likely to be deaf than other color combinations.

Before choosing a breed, look into the potential health risks associated with it and then check the credentials of the breeder. Ensure they place the long-term health of the cats before any specific traits. This chart shows breeds particularly prone to health problems, including some of the problems to keep an eye out for.

Routine grooming can prevent a number of problems. Bathing a cat is a bit more of an adventure. With the exception of a few select breeds, the stereotype holds true: cats do not like water.

A less-known service is sanitary cleaning; this involves trimming the hair around the rectum to remove fecal matter. This is usually included in the cost of a bath and helps prevent infections and bacterial growth.

The food you feed your cat has a direct effect on the shine of its fur, its health, and potentially its lifespan. With that in mind, you want to choose the best possible food for your feline friend.

Your cat will likely be at its healthiest when fed premium cat food. Foods that are more digestible reduce the number of times your cat will visit the litter box per day, but provide more nutrients for less effort. Be aware of certain brands and keep an eye on recalls surrounding cat food. Cats can entertain themselves with most anything and rarely require dedicated toys, although it can be a lot of fun to play with your cat.

You might want additional items for your cat or to make changes to your home; for instance, a cat door. If you are going to be away from home for an extended period more than five days or so , you may want to put your cat into a cattery.

To get a better idea of total estimated costs for your pet, use the calculator below. If your budget already includes the standard costs of pet care, you should also keep potential emergencies in mind. Just as with children, sometime situations arise you could never have predicted. A sudden illness or injury can mean an emergency visit to the veterinarian; aside from the added charge of an after-hours visit, the procedure to save your pet can cost thousands of dollars.

Set up an account specifically for pet-related emergencies. Cost estimates are from Vetary. Call your vet immediately and get your pet medical treatment as soon as possible. While many of the common emergencies that cats face are the same as dogs, there are a few differences that the people at Catster have laid out.

Some of these symptoms may be caused by something relatively minor, but without a thorough checkup by a vet it is impossible to tell. If your cat begins to act strangely or seems to be in pain, take it to the vet immediately. Pet insurance is exactly what it sounds like: health insurance for your pets. You pay a monthly premium just like you would for your personal health insurance that helps offset the cost of medical care for your pets.

The following monthly budget is based on the cost of living for a couple living in most suburban areas of the country. Portugal offers arguably the lowest cost of living in Western Europe. Just about everything, from accommodation to groceries, is affordable. Singles should plan on a budget of about two-thirds that of a couple. But its hills and cobbled streets may not suit all expats. Note that the average size of apartments in Portugal, as in the rest of Europe, is considerably smaller than many North Americans are used to.

A square-foot apartment is considered perfectly adequate for a single person or a couple. A 1,square-foot apartment may have three or even four bedrooms and be considered suitable for a small family. Food costs are generally low. Many cities and towns in Portugal—including Lisbon—continue to have large, thriving traditional markets, as well as supermarkets.

272,000
* €/m2
270 m2 | 1 bedrooms | 6 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
Is it more cost-effective to age at home or move into a senior living to assisted living or skilled nursing, those levels of care average $3, Average Yearly Cost. $20, per person per year according to Bureau of Labor Statistics (value given divided by As an expat your cost of living will hinge on whether or not you live as a In , Moscow's official average salary increased to , RUB.

Medicare, on the other hand, decides whether to pay for new technology based on whether a treatment is "medically necessary and appropriate.

Such a move would mean that "if the incremental cost of a new technology was more than the threshold," Zenios says, "then the recommendation would be that Medicare not cover that new technology. Assigning a dollar figure to Medicare patients' lives may sound crass, but such valuations are routine in Americans' daily lives. Or the cost calculations that for-profit health insurers make to determine how much coverage they'll give customers. In fact, at least some Americans seem at ease with allowing money to play a prominent role in health care decisions.

Getting settled equipment for housing, telephone deposit, etc. Tuition and Medical insurance coverage. Tuition per session depending on the level of study and program. Welcome and services About our services and staff Publications. Admission requirements Admission procedures Deadlines Registration and letter of admission Required documents Admission policy Useful links. If you adopt from a shelter, there is a good chance your dog will have already been spayed or neutered.

Certain breeds of dogs are more prone to medical problems than others. Some are almost infamous for them; for example, pugs and bulldogs. Most flat-faced dog breeds have chronic respiratory issues and are known for loud snoring.

While that may be an endearing quality to many people, the snoring is a result of the animal struggling to breathe. German Shepherds are also prone to a number of problems like eczema and hip dysplasia. A good rule to remember is that any animal bred to look a specific way likely has a health issue as a result. King Charles Cavalier Spaniels are prone to brain injury because their skulls have been bred almost too small for their brains, while English Bulldogs face a number of joint issues as well as skin issues.

Grooming helps keep dogs clean, comfortable, and prevents potential health problems later in life. The last thing anyone wants to do is hurt their pet. If you think a dog is hard to catch normally, try grabbing one covered in soap. Most dog food are fine, however, you should always do your research and purchase the healthiest food for your canine family member, even if it costs a premium. In a article from the New York Times , the author looks at different types of dog food, both premium and non-premium, and demonstrated that the first five ingredients were all essentially the same.

This is because pet food must meet certain guidelines before it can be sold. The primary difference between the two types of pet food is that regular food uses more grains and poultry, meat, and fish byproducts as filler. There have been multiple dog food recalls , including seven in , because of issues with the contents of the food. One recall from a brand-name pet store, no less was because some of the food contained bits of metal. Premium dog food contains the same nutrients, but the source of those nutrients tends to be different.

Some premium dog food is billed as all natural with no synthetic chemicals. Some dogs will require specific diets as a result of health problems, which can increase the food cost for the year. There are only a few pieces of equipment that dogs absolutely need: a food and water bowl, a leash, and a crate.

Beyond that, much of the equipment available for dogs is a luxury. However, this cost can increase drastically if you need to make changes to your home. Training is an absolutely vital part of owning a dog. Whether you train Fido yourself or pay for a professional to do it, training helps keep your dog safe.

Knowing he will stop when you tell him to can mean the difference between your dog running into the road or some other danger. Training your dog with a group of other dogs can be doubly beneficial. Not only will your pet learn to listen, but the socialization it gains from being exposed to other dogs will help. Private training is ideal for dogs that have behavioral issues or need particular care.

A trainer will spend one-on-one time with your dog and help to correct whatever behavior needs correcting. Premium training is the equivalent of puppy boarding school. Your dog will live in a boarding facility for two to four weeks and receive hours of individual attention each day.

Life happens. During this time, you might not be able to give your dog the attention it needs. Hiring a dog walker can alleviate this problem and ensure your pooch gets the right amount of exercise. Another option to look at is pet sitting. Using a professional pet sitter that is certified and insured can help alleviate the stress of both owners and animal. The owner and pet can feel comfortable in knowing that the pet is in a familiar place without the stresses of other dogs, people, and buildings.

In some cases, it is even cheaper to bring in a pet sitter to come and play with the pet for an hour or two a day. NAPPS National Association of Professional Pet Sitters is a non-profit that sets industry standards to keeping your pet safe and happy, we recommend looking at sitters that are NAPPs certified, or doing your own research and vetting your sitter very carefully. Cats are more self-sufficient than dogs. They require less personal attention and can be expected to take care of themselves for days at a time.

Cats are also less expensive overall than dogs, especially if kept indoors. The reasons for adopting a cat from a shelter are very similar to those for adopting a dog. Not only are shelter cats in need of a new home, but many are already used to living with humans and can integrate into a house much more easily than a kitten bought from a pet store.

Shelters are, again, the more humane option. There are cat breeders that produce high volumes of kittens with little regard for their health; adopting from a shelter negates the risk of supporting institutions like this. Most shelters will spay or neuter the cat before adoption, as well as provide a rabies and distemper shot. The adoption fees help offset these costs. While a pet store may be the easiest place to find a cat, purchasing an animal from one can be risky. Purchasing from a reputable breeder can be costly, but it provides you the option of selecting exactly the breed of cat you want.

However, cats purchased from a reputable breeder will be less likely to have behavior or health problems. NOTE: These costs are only estimates.

Price often varies from one breeder to the next. Cats have many of the same medical expenses as dogs, but are also susceptible to certain problems that dogs are not. There are a few core vaccinations that a cat should receive as a kitten, and potentially later in life. These include panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, rabies, feline leukemia, and chlamydophila. Speak with your vet about what types of vaccinations your cat needs, as not all of these are necessary or even safe for every cat.

Fleas can make a cat miserable and lead to your furry friend scratching itself bloody. Topical treatments are a popular option, but may leave certain areas of your cat vulnerable to fleas.

If you give your cat an oral medication, it will prevent fleas and reduce any existing itch. While heartworm prevention is important in dogs, it is absolutely vital in cats. To prevent the worst happening to your pet, make sure to take routine preventative treatments.

215,000
* €/m2
169 m2 | 4 bedrooms | 5 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
Numbeo is the world's largest cost of living database. bedrooms) Outside of Centre in Bangkok costs 50,฿ (about 46 minutes ago); Average Monthly Net. Although the cost of living in Montréal is relatively low compared to other large North American cities, foreign students should expect to spend large sums of. Average Yearly Cost. $20, per person per year according to Bureau of Labor Statistics (value given divided by

Another option to look at is pet sitting. Using a professional pet sitter that is certified and insured can help alleviate the stress of both owners and animal. The owner and pet can feel comfortable in knowing that the pet is in a familiar place without the stresses of other dogs, people, and buildings.

In some cases, it is even cheaper to bring in a pet sitter to come and play with the pet for an hour or two a day. NAPPS National Association of Professional Pet Sitters is a non-profit that sets industry standards to keeping your pet safe and happy, we recommend looking at sitters that are NAPPs certified, or doing your own research and vetting your sitter very carefully.

Cats are more self-sufficient than dogs. They require less personal attention and can be expected to take care of themselves for days at a time. Cats are also less expensive overall than dogs, especially if kept indoors. The reasons for adopting a cat from a shelter are very similar to those for adopting a dog. Not only are shelter cats in need of a new home, but many are already used to living with humans and can integrate into a house much more easily than a kitten bought from a pet store.

Shelters are, again, the more humane option. There are cat breeders that produce high volumes of kittens with little regard for their health; adopting from a shelter negates the risk of supporting institutions like this. Most shelters will spay or neuter the cat before adoption, as well as provide a rabies and distemper shot. The adoption fees help offset these costs.

While a pet store may be the easiest place to find a cat, purchasing an animal from one can be risky. Purchasing from a reputable breeder can be costly, but it provides you the option of selecting exactly the breed of cat you want. However, cats purchased from a reputable breeder will be less likely to have behavior or health problems.

NOTE: These costs are only estimates. Price often varies from one breeder to the next. Cats have many of the same medical expenses as dogs, but are also susceptible to certain problems that dogs are not.

There are a few core vaccinations that a cat should receive as a kitten, and potentially later in life. These include panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, rabies, feline leukemia, and chlamydophila.

Speak with your vet about what types of vaccinations your cat needs, as not all of these are necessary or even safe for every cat. Fleas can make a cat miserable and lead to your furry friend scratching itself bloody. Topical treatments are a popular option, but may leave certain areas of your cat vulnerable to fleas.

If you give your cat an oral medication, it will prevent fleas and reduce any existing itch. While heartworm prevention is important in dogs, it is absolutely vital in cats. To prevent the worst happening to your pet, make sure to take routine preventative treatments. As a result, routine dental care is important, whether through chewable sticks or cleanings.

Cats can also be prone to ear mites and ear infections, so cleaning their ears out periodically prevents these conditions from forming or worsening. If you adopt from a shelter, your cat will likely already be spayed or neutered. Many purebred cats can be prone to specific problems, but that is largely due to how the breeder chose what traits to pass on. Hairless cats are vulnerable to skin conditions, while white, blue-eyed cats are much more likely to be deaf than other color combinations.

Before choosing a breed, look into the potential health risks associated with it and then check the credentials of the breeder. Ensure they place the long-term health of the cats before any specific traits.

This chart shows breeds particularly prone to health problems, including some of the problems to keep an eye out for. Routine grooming can prevent a number of problems. Bathing a cat is a bit more of an adventure.

With the exception of a few select breeds, the stereotype holds true: cats do not like water. A less-known service is sanitary cleaning; this involves trimming the hair around the rectum to remove fecal matter. This is usually included in the cost of a bath and helps prevent infections and bacterial growth.

The food you feed your cat has a direct effect on the shine of its fur, its health, and potentially its lifespan. With that in mind, you want to choose the best possible food for your feline friend. Your cat will likely be at its healthiest when fed premium cat food. Foods that are more digestible reduce the number of times your cat will visit the litter box per day, but provide more nutrients for less effort.

Be aware of certain brands and keep an eye on recalls surrounding cat food. Cats can entertain themselves with most anything and rarely require dedicated toys, although it can be a lot of fun to play with your cat. You might want additional items for your cat or to make changes to your home; for instance, a cat door.

If you are going to be away from home for an extended period more than five days or so , you may want to put your cat into a cattery. To get a better idea of total estimated costs for your pet, use the calculator below.

If your budget already includes the standard costs of pet care, you should also keep potential emergencies in mind. Just as with children, sometime situations arise you could never have predicted. A sudden illness or injury can mean an emergency visit to the veterinarian; aside from the added charge of an after-hours visit, the procedure to save your pet can cost thousands of dollars.

Set up an account specifically for pet-related emergencies. Cost estimates are from Vetary. Call your vet immediately and get your pet medical treatment as soon as possible. While many of the common emergencies that cats face are the same as dogs, there are a few differences that the people at Catster have laid out. Some of these symptoms may be caused by something relatively minor, but without a thorough checkup by a vet it is impossible to tell.

If your cat begins to act strangely or seems to be in pain, take it to the vet immediately. Pet insurance is exactly what it sounds like: health insurance for your pets. You pay a monthly premium just like you would for your personal health insurance that helps offset the cost of medical care for your pets. While pet insurance can reduce the cost of vet visits, its primary usage is in medical emergencies. Depending on the provider, your pet insurance might have an upper limit on its yearly coverage amount.

The following monthly budget is based on the cost of living for a couple living in most suburban areas of the country. Portugal offers arguably the lowest cost of living in Western Europe. Just about everything, from accommodation to groceries, is affordable. Singles should plan on a budget of about two-thirds that of a couple.

But its hills and cobbled streets may not suit all expats. Note that the average size of apartments in Portugal, as in the rest of Europe, is considerably smaller than many North Americans are used to.

Say a person lives 78 years [9] , and you take the average cost of living from BLS. This certainly makes a case for buying out at the bottom. Why does OSE study these numbers? And did you know that this wiki page the most visited page on the wiki? Why is that? Cost of living is a real concern, one closely related to the pursuit of Self-Determination.

OSE emphasizes that using today's technology, and the Factor , imply that providing for one's basic necessities should not be a preoccupation for most people on the planet. Even in wealthy countries, the cost of living is so high that tremendous pressure is put on households just to get by.

529,000
* €/m2
149 m2 | 1 bedrooms | 4 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
When is the cost of medical treatment worth the benefit of extra years of demonstrated that the average value of a year of quality human life is. The Lifetime Cost of a Pet and then general costs over your pet's lifetime (food, toys, routine vet visits, Average Initial and Lifetime Pet Costs. The effects sum up to $ 55 million in added first - year costs, excluding the by the average maturity or life of bonds, this implies a total lifetime borrowing cost.

However, in today's world, the preoccupation with just making a living remains a worry for most people. Today only a few people pursue Self-Determination. Most people in the USA do not like their jobs. This begs a question: why does most of the world not pursue their true interests, by removing material constraints from dictating the course of one's life - when technological capacity to produce all needs far outstrips those needs - with modern technology?

From [8] :. Say a person lives 78 years [9] , and you take the average cost of living from BLS. This certainly makes a case for buying out at the bottom.

Why does OSE study these numbers? And did you know that this wiki page the most visited page on the wiki? Why is that? Cost of living is a real concern, one closely related to the pursuit of Self-Determination.

OSE emphasizes that using today's technology, and the Factor , imply that providing for one's basic necessities should not be a preoccupation for most people on the planet. As a rule, owning a dog will be more expensive than owning a cat.

Adopting a dog from a legitimate shelter assures you first that the dog has been taken care of. Shelters take care of immediate medical needs and vaccinate and treat for common maladies such as kennel cough, parvo, and distemper. The adoption fee covers the cost of this medical care, as well as food, shelter, and transport.

Many people prefer to adopt from a shelter. Adopting is the most humane option and gives the dogs a second chance. While the cost of adoption may seem high, it covers a number of expenses and can actually save you money in the long run. The total cost of everything a shelter provides for a dog often exceeds the adoption fee. Pet stores are usually the go-to option for first time pet owners, but many animal lovers warn against them.

Pet stores, particularly smaller ones, often purchase their animals from high-volume breeders. These breeders are more concerned with making a profit than the well-being of the animals. This means that animals purchased from pet stores have a higher risk of health problems than those adopted from a shelter or bought from a licensed breeder. High-volume breeders often keep animals confined to cages for years, only allowing limited amounts of exercise per day.

They do this to keep the males and females separated, only allowing them together for the purpose of mating. The Best Friends Animal Society, an organization dedicated to the proper treatment of pets, details the problems with puppy mills and ways the average person can fight back. Breeders are the easiest way to get a purebred dog of the type you want. People interested in competing in dog shows will most likely need to go through a breeder to get papers for the American Kennel Club.

Another benefit to purchasing from a breeder is that undesirable traits will likely have been bred out. Health and behavioral issues are minimized as much as possible through selective breeding, while the traits a pet owner wants—obedience, loyalty, friendliness, etc. That said, a breeder can be expensive. NOTE: These prices are only estimates and that real prices can vary significantly due pedigree and location of breeders.

NOTE: While these prices on average are relatively cheaper than the expensive breeds, they can cost significantly more depending on factors such as pedigree and certifications. There are number of medical considerations for dogs that must be understood before you adopt.

Dogs need vaccinations, flea treatments, heartworm medications, ear and dental care, and unless you intend to breed, spaying and neutering. According to the AKC , dogs need multiple vaccines in their first year of life—and some of these vaccines must be renewed periodically.

These include vaccinations for kennel cough, canine distemper, canine hepatitis, canine parainfluenza, coronavirus, heartworms, leptospirosis, lyme disease, parvovirus, and rabies. Eliminating fleas is a matter of comfort not only for you, but for your dog too. Animals with fleas are miserable, and fleas can actually carry a number of dangerous diseases. Heartworms kill countless dogs each year, and the sad truth is that many of those deaths could be prevented.

Heartworm control is one of the most important parts of owning a dog; while they are easy to prevent, heartworms can be very difficult to treat. If you adopt from a shelter, there is a good chance your dog will have already been spayed or neutered.

Certain breeds of dogs are more prone to medical problems than others. Some are almost infamous for them; for example, pugs and bulldogs. Most flat-faced dog breeds have chronic respiratory issues and are known for loud snoring.

While that may be an endearing quality to many people, the snoring is a result of the animal struggling to breathe. German Shepherds are also prone to a number of problems like eczema and hip dysplasia. A good rule to remember is that any animal bred to look a specific way likely has a health issue as a result.

King Charles Cavalier Spaniels are prone to brain injury because their skulls have been bred almost too small for their brains, while English Bulldogs face a number of joint issues as well as skin issues.

Grooming helps keep dogs clean, comfortable, and prevents potential health problems later in life. The last thing anyone wants to do is hurt their pet.

If you think a dog is hard to catch normally, try grabbing one covered in soap. Most dog food are fine, however, you should always do your research and purchase the healthiest food for your canine family member, even if it costs a premium. In a article from the New York Times , the author looks at different types of dog food, both premium and non-premium, and demonstrated that the first five ingredients were all essentially the same.

This is because pet food must meet certain guidelines before it can be sold. The primary difference between the two types of pet food is that regular food uses more grains and poultry, meat, and fish byproducts as filler. There have been multiple dog food recalls , including seven in , because of issues with the contents of the food.

One recall from a brand-name pet store, no less was because some of the food contained bits of metal. Premium dog food contains the same nutrients, but the source of those nutrients tends to be different. Some premium dog food is billed as all natural with no synthetic chemicals.

Some dogs will require specific diets as a result of health problems, which can increase the food cost for the year. There are only a few pieces of equipment that dogs absolutely need: a food and water bowl, a leash, and a crate. Beyond that, much of the equipment available for dogs is a luxury. However, this cost can increase drastically if you need to make changes to your home.

Training is an absolutely vital part of owning a dog. Whether you train Fido yourself or pay for a professional to do it, training helps keep your dog safe. Knowing he will stop when you tell him to can mean the difference between your dog running into the road or some other danger.

Training your dog with a group of other dogs can be doubly beneficial. Not only will your pet learn to listen, but the socialization it gains from being exposed to other dogs will help. Private training is ideal for dogs that have behavioral issues or need particular care.

A trainer will spend one-on-one time with your dog and help to correct whatever behavior needs correcting. Premium training is the equivalent of puppy boarding school. Your dog will live in a boarding facility for two to four weeks and receive hours of individual attention each day. Life happens. During this time, you might not be able to give your dog the attention it needs. Hiring a dog walker can alleviate this problem and ensure your pooch gets the right amount of exercise. Another option to look at is pet sitting.

Using a professional pet sitter that is certified and insured can help alleviate the stress of both owners and animal. The owner and pet can feel comfortable in knowing that the pet is in a familiar place without the stresses of other dogs, people, and buildings.

In some cases, it is even cheaper to bring in a pet sitter to come and play with the pet for an hour or two a day. NAPPS National Association of Professional Pet Sitters is a non-profit that sets industry standards to keeping your pet safe and happy, we recommend looking at sitters that are NAPPs certified, or doing your own research and vetting your sitter very carefully.

Cats are more self-sufficient than dogs. They require less personal attention and can be expected to take care of themselves for days at a time. Cats are also less expensive overall than dogs, especially if kept indoors.

The reasons for adopting a cat from a shelter are very similar to those for adopting a dog. Not only are shelter cats in need of a new home, but many are already used to living with humans and can integrate into a house much more easily than a kitten bought from a pet store. Shelters are, again, the more humane option.

There are cat breeders that produce high volumes of kittens with little regard for their health; adopting from a shelter negates the risk of supporting institutions like this. Most shelters will spay or neuter the cat before adoption, as well as provide a rabies and distemper shot.

The adoption fees help offset these costs. While a pet store may be the easiest place to find a cat, purchasing an animal from one can be risky. Purchasing from a reputable breeder can be costly, but it provides you the option of selecting exactly the breed of cat you want. However, cats purchased from a reputable breeder will be less likely to have behavior or health problems. NOTE: These costs are only estimates. Price often varies from one breeder to the next.

Cats have many of the same medical expenses as dogs, but are also susceptible to certain problems that dogs are not. There are a few core vaccinations that a cat should receive as a kitten, and potentially later in life. These include panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, rabies, feline leukemia, and chlamydophila.

Speak with your vet about what types of vaccinations your cat needs, as not all of these are necessary or even safe for every cat. Fleas can make a cat miserable and lead to your furry friend scratching itself bloody. Topical treatments are a popular option, but may leave certain areas of your cat vulnerable to fleas.

If you give your cat an oral medication, it will prevent fleas and reduce any existing itch. While heartworm prevention is important in dogs, it is absolutely vital in cats. To prevent the worst happening to your pet, make sure to take routine preventative treatments. As a result, routine dental care is important, whether through chewable sticks or cleanings. Cats can also be prone to ear mites and ear infections, so cleaning their ears out periodically prevents these conditions from forming or worsening.

249,000
* €/m2
245 m2 | 7 bedrooms | 2 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
Portugal offers arguably the lowest cost of living in Western Europe. Just about Note that the average size of apartments in Portugal, as in the rest of Europe. 20 Common Monthly Expenses. 1. Housing. Your costs will vary significantly depending on where you live. For example, the median home value. As an expat your cost of living will hinge on whether or not you live as a In , Moscow's official average salary increased to , RUB.

This certainly makes a case for buying out at the bottom. Why does OSE study these numbers? And did you know that this wiki page the most visited page on the wiki? Why is that? Cost of living is a real concern, one closely related to the pursuit of Self-Determination.

OSE emphasizes that using today's technology, and the Factor , imply that providing for one's basic necessities should not be a preoccupation for most people on the planet.

Even in wealthy countries, the cost of living is so high that tremendous pressure is put on households just to get by. This means thorough obliteration of one's deeper dreams and pursuits - a sad state of human evolution indeed. The adoption fee covers the cost of this medical care, as well as food, shelter, and transport.

Many people prefer to adopt from a shelter. Adopting is the most humane option and gives the dogs a second chance. While the cost of adoption may seem high, it covers a number of expenses and can actually save you money in the long run. The total cost of everything a shelter provides for a dog often exceeds the adoption fee.

Pet stores are usually the go-to option for first time pet owners, but many animal lovers warn against them. Pet stores, particularly smaller ones, often purchase their animals from high-volume breeders. These breeders are more concerned with making a profit than the well-being of the animals. This means that animals purchased from pet stores have a higher risk of health problems than those adopted from a shelter or bought from a licensed breeder. High-volume breeders often keep animals confined to cages for years, only allowing limited amounts of exercise per day.

They do this to keep the males and females separated, only allowing them together for the purpose of mating. The Best Friends Animal Society, an organization dedicated to the proper treatment of pets, details the problems with puppy mills and ways the average person can fight back. Breeders are the easiest way to get a purebred dog of the type you want. People interested in competing in dog shows will most likely need to go through a breeder to get papers for the American Kennel Club.

Another benefit to purchasing from a breeder is that undesirable traits will likely have been bred out. Health and behavioral issues are minimized as much as possible through selective breeding, while the traits a pet owner wants—obedience, loyalty, friendliness, etc. That said, a breeder can be expensive. NOTE: These prices are only estimates and that real prices can vary significantly due pedigree and location of breeders.

NOTE: While these prices on average are relatively cheaper than the expensive breeds, they can cost significantly more depending on factors such as pedigree and certifications. There are number of medical considerations for dogs that must be understood before you adopt. Dogs need vaccinations, flea treatments, heartworm medications, ear and dental care, and unless you intend to breed, spaying and neutering. According to the AKC , dogs need multiple vaccines in their first year of life—and some of these vaccines must be renewed periodically.

These include vaccinations for kennel cough, canine distemper, canine hepatitis, canine parainfluenza, coronavirus, heartworms, leptospirosis, lyme disease, parvovirus, and rabies. Eliminating fleas is a matter of comfort not only for you, but for your dog too. Animals with fleas are miserable, and fleas can actually carry a number of dangerous diseases. Heartworms kill countless dogs each year, and the sad truth is that many of those deaths could be prevented.

Heartworm control is one of the most important parts of owning a dog; while they are easy to prevent, heartworms can be very difficult to treat. If you adopt from a shelter, there is a good chance your dog will have already been spayed or neutered. Certain breeds of dogs are more prone to medical problems than others.

Some are almost infamous for them; for example, pugs and bulldogs. Most flat-faced dog breeds have chronic respiratory issues and are known for loud snoring. While that may be an endearing quality to many people, the snoring is a result of the animal struggling to breathe. German Shepherds are also prone to a number of problems like eczema and hip dysplasia. A good rule to remember is that any animal bred to look a specific way likely has a health issue as a result.

King Charles Cavalier Spaniels are prone to brain injury because their skulls have been bred almost too small for their brains, while English Bulldogs face a number of joint issues as well as skin issues.

Grooming helps keep dogs clean, comfortable, and prevents potential health problems later in life. The last thing anyone wants to do is hurt their pet. If you think a dog is hard to catch normally, try grabbing one covered in soap. Most dog food are fine, however, you should always do your research and purchase the healthiest food for your canine family member, even if it costs a premium. In a article from the New York Times , the author looks at different types of dog food, both premium and non-premium, and demonstrated that the first five ingredients were all essentially the same.

This is because pet food must meet certain guidelines before it can be sold. The primary difference between the two types of pet food is that regular food uses more grains and poultry, meat, and fish byproducts as filler.

There have been multiple dog food recalls , including seven in , because of issues with the contents of the food.

One recall from a brand-name pet store, no less was because some of the food contained bits of metal. Premium dog food contains the same nutrients, but the source of those nutrients tends to be different.

Some premium dog food is billed as all natural with no synthetic chemicals. Some dogs will require specific diets as a result of health problems, which can increase the food cost for the year. There are only a few pieces of equipment that dogs absolutely need: a food and water bowl, a leash, and a crate. Beyond that, much of the equipment available for dogs is a luxury.

However, this cost can increase drastically if you need to make changes to your home. Training is an absolutely vital part of owning a dog. Whether you train Fido yourself or pay for a professional to do it, training helps keep your dog safe. Knowing he will stop when you tell him to can mean the difference between your dog running into the road or some other danger. Training your dog with a group of other dogs can be doubly beneficial. Not only will your pet learn to listen, but the socialization it gains from being exposed to other dogs will help.

Private training is ideal for dogs that have behavioral issues or need particular care. A trainer will spend one-on-one time with your dog and help to correct whatever behavior needs correcting.

Premium training is the equivalent of puppy boarding school. Your dog will live in a boarding facility for two to four weeks and receive hours of individual attention each day. Life happens. During this time, you might not be able to give your dog the attention it needs. Hiring a dog walker can alleviate this problem and ensure your pooch gets the right amount of exercise.

Another option to look at is pet sitting. Some items that are luxuries elsewhere, such as good wine and olive oil, are locally produced and therefore inexpensive.

But much of what is most enjoyable about Portugal—the friendly people, the leisurely lifestyle, mild weather, beautiful countryside, and ample beaches—is free.

The same applies to your personal preferences: If you like to travel a great deal, whether by plane, car, or rail, your Incidentals category will be bumped up. And you should expect to pay somewhat higher rent in certain areas.

Romance, culture and adventure awaits in Portugal. Learn more about Portugal and other European countries in our daily postcard e-letter.

319,000
* €/m2
282 m2 | 7 bedrooms | 2 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
Is it more cost-effective to age at home or move into a senior living to assisted living or skilled nursing, those levels of care average $3, The effects sum up to $ 55 million in added first - year costs, excluding the by the average maturity or life of bonds, this implies a total lifetime borrowing cost. Costs per completed suicide for the three countries are similar ranging from $ to The average lifetime cost of a completed suicide in Australia was $

Every year dialysis saves the lives of hundreds of thousands of Americans who would otherwise die of renal failure while waiting for an organ transplant.

It is also the one procedure that Medicare has covered unconditionally since despite rapid and sometimes expensive innovations in its administration. To tally the cost-effectiveness of such innovations Zenios and his colleagues ran a computer analysis of more than half a million patients who underwent dialysis, adding up costs and comparing that data to treatment outcomes. Based on patient surveys, one "quality of life" year is defined as about two years of life on dialysis.

Zenios's conclusions arrive amidst mounting debate over whether Medicare, the U. Training is an absolutely vital part of owning a dog. Whether you train Fido yourself or pay for a professional to do it, training helps keep your dog safe. Knowing he will stop when you tell him to can mean the difference between your dog running into the road or some other danger. Training your dog with a group of other dogs can be doubly beneficial. Not only will your pet learn to listen, but the socialization it gains from being exposed to other dogs will help.

Private training is ideal for dogs that have behavioral issues or need particular care. A trainer will spend one-on-one time with your dog and help to correct whatever behavior needs correcting. Premium training is the equivalent of puppy boarding school. Your dog will live in a boarding facility for two to four weeks and receive hours of individual attention each day.

Life happens. During this time, you might not be able to give your dog the attention it needs. Hiring a dog walker can alleviate this problem and ensure your pooch gets the right amount of exercise. Another option to look at is pet sitting.

Using a professional pet sitter that is certified and insured can help alleviate the stress of both owners and animal. The owner and pet can feel comfortable in knowing that the pet is in a familiar place without the stresses of other dogs, people, and buildings. In some cases, it is even cheaper to bring in a pet sitter to come and play with the pet for an hour or two a day. NAPPS National Association of Professional Pet Sitters is a non-profit that sets industry standards to keeping your pet safe and happy, we recommend looking at sitters that are NAPPs certified, or doing your own research and vetting your sitter very carefully.

Cats are more self-sufficient than dogs. They require less personal attention and can be expected to take care of themselves for days at a time. Cats are also less expensive overall than dogs, especially if kept indoors. The reasons for adopting a cat from a shelter are very similar to those for adopting a dog. Not only are shelter cats in need of a new home, but many are already used to living with humans and can integrate into a house much more easily than a kitten bought from a pet store.

Shelters are, again, the more humane option. There are cat breeders that produce high volumes of kittens with little regard for their health; adopting from a shelter negates the risk of supporting institutions like this. Most shelters will spay or neuter the cat before adoption, as well as provide a rabies and distemper shot. The adoption fees help offset these costs. While a pet store may be the easiest place to find a cat, purchasing an animal from one can be risky.

Purchasing from a reputable breeder can be costly, but it provides you the option of selecting exactly the breed of cat you want. However, cats purchased from a reputable breeder will be less likely to have behavior or health problems. NOTE: These costs are only estimates. Price often varies from one breeder to the next. Cats have many of the same medical expenses as dogs, but are also susceptible to certain problems that dogs are not.

There are a few core vaccinations that a cat should receive as a kitten, and potentially later in life. These include panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, rabies, feline leukemia, and chlamydophila.

Speak with your vet about what types of vaccinations your cat needs, as not all of these are necessary or even safe for every cat. Fleas can make a cat miserable and lead to your furry friend scratching itself bloody. Topical treatments are a popular option, but may leave certain areas of your cat vulnerable to fleas. If you give your cat an oral medication, it will prevent fleas and reduce any existing itch. While heartworm prevention is important in dogs, it is absolutely vital in cats.

To prevent the worst happening to your pet, make sure to take routine preventative treatments. As a result, routine dental care is important, whether through chewable sticks or cleanings.

Cats can also be prone to ear mites and ear infections, so cleaning their ears out periodically prevents these conditions from forming or worsening. If you adopt from a shelter, your cat will likely already be spayed or neutered. Many purebred cats can be prone to specific problems, but that is largely due to how the breeder chose what traits to pass on. Hairless cats are vulnerable to skin conditions, while white, blue-eyed cats are much more likely to be deaf than other color combinations.

Before choosing a breed, look into the potential health risks associated with it and then check the credentials of the breeder. Ensure they place the long-term health of the cats before any specific traits. This chart shows breeds particularly prone to health problems, including some of the problems to keep an eye out for. Routine grooming can prevent a number of problems. Bathing a cat is a bit more of an adventure.

With the exception of a few select breeds, the stereotype holds true: cats do not like water. A less-known service is sanitary cleaning; this involves trimming the hair around the rectum to remove fecal matter.

This is usually included in the cost of a bath and helps prevent infections and bacterial growth. The food you feed your cat has a direct effect on the shine of its fur, its health, and potentially its lifespan. With that in mind, you want to choose the best possible food for your feline friend. Your cat will likely be at its healthiest when fed premium cat food.

Foods that are more digestible reduce the number of times your cat will visit the litter box per day, but provide more nutrients for less effort. Be aware of certain brands and keep an eye on recalls surrounding cat food. Cats can entertain themselves with most anything and rarely require dedicated toys, although it can be a lot of fun to play with your cat. You might want additional items for your cat or to make changes to your home; for instance, a cat door.

If you are going to be away from home for an extended period more than five days or so , you may want to put your cat into a cattery. To get a better idea of total estimated costs for your pet, use the calculator below. If your budget already includes the standard costs of pet care, you should also keep potential emergencies in mind. Admission requirements Admission procedures Deadlines Registration and letter of admission Required documents Admission policy Useful links.

Steps to follow Student categories Useful definitions Length of studies Useful links. Medical insurance Additional insurance for dental care Exemption from contributions Useful links. General information Exemption from differential fees Payment of tuition fees Useful links. Customs and luggage Arrival procedures Temporary accommodation Bank transfers Useful links.

505,000
* €/m2
Cost of living
190 m2 | 8 bedrooms | 9 bathrooms | Furnished | Parking place | Swimming-pool | Gardens
The Lifetime Cost of a Pet and then general costs over your pet's lifetime (food, toys, routine vet visits, Average Initial and Lifetime Pet Costs. As an expat your cost of living will hinge on whether or not you live as a In , Moscow's official average salary increased to , RUB. Is it more cost-effective to age at home or move into a senior living to assisted living or skilled nursing, those levels of care average $3,

Reputable breeders will charge fair, if competitive, prices, while backyard breeders will charge high prices to earn a profit. You should avoid purchasing from backyard breeders; their practices are driven by money rather than care for the animals. Backyard breeders often purchase from puppy mills and other unethical institutions. The Partnership for Animal Welfare provides a useful guide for identifying the differences between backyard breeders and legitimate breeders.

Legitimate breeders know their breeds and can refer buyers to other satisfied customers, while backyard breeders will sell to whomever is willing to pay. Adoption costs, on the other hand, cover a variety of expenses. Many shelters and rescues will microchip animals, provide medical care and heartworm care, and in some cases even spay and neuter animals. Medical costs are arguably the most expensive aspect of owning a pet; even smaller expenses quickly add up.

None of this includes emergency treatments your pet may require. Pet insurance is another expense that can be marked as a medical expense, but is well worth it. We explain pet insurance in a later section. Depending on the breed of dog or cat you own, grooming can be a relatively minor cost or a budget-breaking one. Long haired breeds require much more grooming than short haired breeds, although you can often reduce the cost of grooming by handling it yourself.

Depending on the size of your pet, this could be enough for a single month. Equipment costs vary wildly depending on the individual. However, for an indoor pet, you may only need water and food bowls and a few toys. This cost depends entirely on your personal circumstances. Training is an optional cost.

If you have owned a dog before, then you may be able to get away with training it on your own unless it is a particularly difficult breed. Not only does training reduce behavioral issues, but it can also reduce costs later in the future; for instance, the cost of a lawsuit or medical treatments if your dog bites someone.

Dogs and cats are the two most popular pets on the planet, but the differences between these two animals are stark. Dogs tend to require far more attention than cats do.

From a financial standpoint, this translates into more expenses. Dogs need to be brushed every day or every few days—more if you own a particularly energetic breed that frequently gets dirty. More energy results in more injuries, and dogs often benefit from training. As a rule, owning a dog will be more expensive than owning a cat.

Adopting a dog from a legitimate shelter assures you first that the dog has been taken care of. Shelters take care of immediate medical needs and vaccinate and treat for common maladies such as kennel cough, parvo, and distemper. The adoption fee covers the cost of this medical care, as well as food, shelter, and transport. Many people prefer to adopt from a shelter.

Adopting is the most humane option and gives the dogs a second chance. While the cost of adoption may seem high, it covers a number of expenses and can actually save you money in the long run. The total cost of everything a shelter provides for a dog often exceeds the adoption fee. Pet stores are usually the go-to option for first time pet owners, but many animal lovers warn against them. Pet stores, particularly smaller ones, often purchase their animals from high-volume breeders.

These breeders are more concerned with making a profit than the well-being of the animals. This means that animals purchased from pet stores have a higher risk of health problems than those adopted from a shelter or bought from a licensed breeder. High-volume breeders often keep animals confined to cages for years, only allowing limited amounts of exercise per day.

They do this to keep the males and females separated, only allowing them together for the purpose of mating. The Best Friends Animal Society, an organization dedicated to the proper treatment of pets, details the problems with puppy mills and ways the average person can fight back. Breeders are the easiest way to get a purebred dog of the type you want. People interested in competing in dog shows will most likely need to go through a breeder to get papers for the American Kennel Club.

Another benefit to purchasing from a breeder is that undesirable traits will likely have been bred out. Health and behavioral issues are minimized as much as possible through selective breeding, while the traits a pet owner wants—obedience, loyalty, friendliness, etc. That said, a breeder can be expensive. NOTE: These prices are only estimates and that real prices can vary significantly due pedigree and location of breeders.

NOTE: While these prices on average are relatively cheaper than the expensive breeds, they can cost significantly more depending on factors such as pedigree and certifications. There are number of medical considerations for dogs that must be understood before you adopt.

Dogs need vaccinations, flea treatments, heartworm medications, ear and dental care, and unless you intend to breed, spaying and neutering. According to the AKC , dogs need multiple vaccines in their first year of life—and some of these vaccines must be renewed periodically. These include vaccinations for kennel cough, canine distemper, canine hepatitis, canine parainfluenza, coronavirus, heartworms, leptospirosis, lyme disease, parvovirus, and rabies.

Eliminating fleas is a matter of comfort not only for you, but for your dog too. Animals with fleas are miserable, and fleas can actually carry a number of dangerous diseases. Heartworms kill countless dogs each year, and the sad truth is that many of those deaths could be prevented. Heartworm control is one of the most important parts of owning a dog; while they are easy to prevent, heartworms can be very difficult to treat.

If you adopt from a shelter, there is a good chance your dog will have already been spayed or neutered. Certain breeds of dogs are more prone to medical problems than others. Some are almost infamous for them; for example, pugs and bulldogs. Most flat-faced dog breeds have chronic respiratory issues and are known for loud snoring.

While that may be an endearing quality to many people, the snoring is a result of the animal struggling to breathe.

German Shepherds are also prone to a number of problems like eczema and hip dysplasia. A good rule to remember is that any animal bred to look a specific way likely has a health issue as a result. King Charles Cavalier Spaniels are prone to brain injury because their skulls have been bred almost too small for their brains, while English Bulldogs face a number of joint issues as well as skin issues. Grooming helps keep dogs clean, comfortable, and prevents potential health problems later in life.

The last thing anyone wants to do is hurt their pet. If you think a dog is hard to catch normally, try grabbing one covered in soap. Most dog food are fine, however, you should always do your research and purchase the healthiest food for your canine family member, even if it costs a premium.

In a article from the New York Times , the author looks at different types of dog food, both premium and non-premium, and demonstrated that the first five ingredients were all essentially the same. This is because pet food must meet certain guidelines before it can be sold. The primary difference between the two types of pet food is that regular food uses more grains and poultry, meat, and fish byproducts as filler.

There have been multiple dog food recalls , including seven in , because of issues with the contents of the food. One recall from a brand-name pet store, no less was because some of the food contained bits of metal.

Premium dog food contains the same nutrients, but the source of those nutrients tends to be different. Some premium dog food is billed as all natural with no synthetic chemicals. Some dogs will require specific diets as a result of health problems, which can increase the food cost for the year.

There are only a few pieces of equipment that dogs absolutely need: a food and water bowl, a leash, and a crate. Beyond that, much of the equipment available for dogs is a luxury. However, this cost can increase drastically if you need to make changes to your home. Training is an absolutely vital part of owning a dog. Whether you train Fido yourself or pay for a professional to do it, training helps keep your dog safe. Knowing he will stop when you tell him to can mean the difference between your dog running into the road or some other danger.

Training your dog with a group of other dogs can be doubly beneficial. Not only will your pet learn to listen, but the socialization it gains from being exposed to other dogs will help. Private training is ideal for dogs that have behavioral issues or need particular care. A trainer will spend one-on-one time with your dog and help to correct whatever behavior needs correcting.

Premium training is the equivalent of puppy boarding school. Your dog will live in a boarding facility for two to four weeks and receive hours of individual attention each day. Life happens. During this time, you might not be able to give your dog the attention it needs. Hiring a dog walker can alleviate this problem and ensure your pooch gets the right amount of exercise. Another option to look at is pet sitting. Using a professional pet sitter that is certified and insured can help alleviate the stress of both owners and animal.

The owner and pet can feel comfortable in knowing that the pet is in a familiar place without the stresses of other dogs, people, and buildings. In some cases, it is even cheaper to bring in a pet sitter to come and play with the pet for an hour or two a day.

NAPPS National Association of Professional Pet Sitters is a non-profit that sets industry standards to keeping your pet safe and happy, we recommend looking at sitters that are NAPPs certified, or doing your own research and vetting your sitter very carefully. Food costs are generally low. Many cities and towns in Portugal—including Lisbon—continue to have large, thriving traditional markets, as well as supermarkets. Some items that are luxuries elsewhere, such as good wine and olive oil, are locally produced and therefore inexpensive.

But much of what is most enjoyable about Portugal—the friendly people, the leisurely lifestyle, mild weather, beautiful countryside, and ample beaches—is free. The same applies to your personal preferences: If you like to travel a great deal, whether by plane, car, or rail, your Incidentals category will be bumped up.

And you should expect to pay somewhat higher rent in certain areas. Romance, culture and adventure awaits in Portugal. Learn more about Portugal and other European countries in our daily postcard e-letter. Skip to content Cost of Living in Portugal. Low-Cost, Old-World Living in Portugal The following monthly budget is based on the cost of living for a couple living in most suburban areas of the country.

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Statistics and prices of properties with pool in Spain

Prices are going up in this area.

Average price in this area: 1,368 €/m2

The cheapest property in this area: Rent to own detached house in Alcobendas, 0

The most expensive property in this area: Hotel for sale in Nueva Andalucía, Marbella, 65,000,000 €

Cheapest areas: Aragon, Castile and Leon, Estremadura

Most expensive areas: Melilla, Balearic Islands, Andalusia

Prices are going down in the areas: Madrid, Andalusia, Canary Islands.

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