40–60 min. The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao has a dynamic program of temporary exhibitions of modern and contemporary art. They offer an understanding. Exhibitions. Two women stand in the rotunda of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. Masterpieces from the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao Collection. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, Gift, The Robert of exhibitions through at Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, please visit.
Euskadi Gastronomika. Pintxos and Txikiteo. Basque Country sport up close, wanna bet? Basque pelota and the sea. Shepherd for a day. Themed leaflets. Responsible tourism. Situate yourself. The permanent collection includes basically works of art of the most prominent artists of the second half of the 20th century, which is supplemented by exhibits lent by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and special programmes sponsored by the Foundation.
Besides, some of the rooms are devoted to monographic exhibitions while others accommodate works specifically commissioned for the museum. Built alongside the Nervion River , which runs through the city of Bilbao to the Cantabrian Sea , it is one of several museums belonging to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and features permanent and visiting exhibits of works by Spanish and international artists.
It is one of the longest museums in Spain. One of the most admired works of contemporary architecture , the building has been hailed as a "signal moment in the architectural culture", because it represents "one of those rare moments when critics, academics, and the general public were all completely united about something", according to architectural critic Paul Goldberger.
In , the Basque government suggested to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation that it would fund a Guggenheim museum to be built in Bilbao 's decrepit port area, once the city's main source of income. In exchange, the Foundation agreed to manage the institution, rotate parts of its permanent collection through the Bilbao museum and organize temporary exhibitions.
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation selected Frank Gehry as the architect, and its director, Thomas Krens , encouraged him to design something daring and innovative.
When the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao opened to the public in , it was immediately hailed as one of the world's most spectacular buildings in the style of Deconstructivism although Gehry does not associate himself with that architectural movement ,  a masterpiece of the 20th century. The remaining nine galleries are irregularly shaped and can be identified from the outside by their swirling organic forms and titanium cladding.
The building was constructed on time and budget, which is rare for architecture of this type. In an interview in Harvard Design Magazine , Gehry explained how he did it. First, he ensured that what he calls the " organization of the artist " prevailed during construction, to prevent political and business interests from interfering with the design. Second, he made sure he had a detailed and realistic cost estimate before proceeding.
Third, he used computer visualizations produced by Rick Smith employing Dassault Systemes ' CATIA V3 software   and collaborated closely with the individual building trades to control costs during construction. This museum is a colossal construction, which used more than 25, tons of concrete, or 10, cubic meters, that is why it requires deep and solid foundations.
The foundation was laid on reinforced concrete piles driven into the bedrock at an average depth of 14 meters. In total, pilings were driven to anchor the building to the ground. The building is clear thanks to the walls, specially treated to protect the interior from the effects of the sun. The glass of the windows has also been treated to prevent light from damaging the exposed pieces.
It is clad in titanium plates, arranged in scales, on a galvanized steel structure. The Museum's exterior skin is made of 33,  titanium plates, a material that has been used to replace copper or lead because of their toxicity.
It was during this research process that tests were started on titanium samples and the best treatment was found. Its lamination process is delicate and has to be done in places with high energy sources, that's why the laminated parts were made in Pittsburgh , in the United States , the rolling allowed to obtain titanium plates only 0.
Moreover, titanium is about half the weight of steel, indeed, the museum's titanium coating represents only 60 tons. During the conception, the pieces were designed to resist the bad weather, that is why a quilted rather than undulated shape was privileged, to resist the wind, and to avoid vibrations during storms.
Titanium is a low-polluting material, and each part has been designed differently according to its orientation on the building, so they correspond perfectly with the curves desired by Frank Gehry. Essentially, this software calculates point by point the stresses to which materials are subjected, by generating a 3D model showing the different tensions and allowing the values of many structural elements of the museum to be calculated: the steel structure, titanium cladding or foundations, among others.
It also helped to automate the cutting of materials such as stone or titanium plates. The architects applied Master Modeling and Virtual Build Processes they learned from Rick Smith   and his use of the same techniques on the Walt Disney Concert Hall during the previous two years.
He further relays that Bilbao "was the first building for which CATIA played a role in almost every aspect of the design and construction process". The exhibitions change often; the museum generally hosts thematic exhibitions, centered for example on Chinese or Russian art. The highlight of the collection, and its only permanent exhibit, is The Matter of Time incorporating an earlier work, Snake , a series of weathering steel sculptures designed by Serra, which is housed in the meter Arcelor Gallery formerly known as the Fish Gallery but renamed in for the steel manufacturer that sponsored the project.
When the museum announced the exhibition "The Luminous Interval", a show of artwork belonging to Greek businessman Dimitris Daskalopoulos , who is also a museum trustee, this met with criticism of, among other things, too much curatorial power for a serious benefactor.
Puppy by Jeff Koons in front of the museum.